Dairy Food Safety Training
International Executive Service Corps
6d ago

Dairy Food Safety Training

Problem Statement

The Kenya dairy industry is the single largest agricultural sub-sector, larger even than the tea sub-sector (Wambugu et al, 2011) 1 .

It comprises 14% of agricultural GDP and 3.5% of total GDP (GOK, 2008) 2 . Kenya has around 1.8 million dairy farmers, of which over 70% are smallholders, producing a total of 4.

2 billion liters of milk annually. Dairy enterprises are mainly run by women. Apart from providing milk for consumption and contributing to the improved nutrition status of rural populations, the dairy sector is estimated to earn farmers over one hundred billion Kenya shillings annually ($11.

4 Million) from milk sales. Milk and other dairy products form an important part of the diet for both rural and urban Kenyans, with per capita milk consumption of 145 liters per year and growing ( Majiwa et al, 2012) 3 .

The dairy sector also provides employment to over 350,000 people at the farm level, an estimated 400,000 people in the informal sector and an additional 50,000 people in the formal marketing sector (USAID, 2012) 4.

The dairy sub-sector is regarded as a success case within the agriculture sector in Kenya since it supports the poor, creates employment and is commercially oriented.

There is potential for growth of the sub-sector both domestically and regionally as Kenya has high per capita milk consumption, and demand within the Eastern and Southern Africa region is estimated at two million tons.

Thus, this pro-poor and commercially oriented sub-sector has the potential of playing an important role in improving the livelihoods of small-

scale farmers. However, the realization of the sector’s potential has continuously been faced by many challenges as documented in several papers and reports.

These include high cost of production, declining land sizes, low access to good quality animal breeds, poor husbandry and farming practices, consumer concerns about milk quality and safety among others.

A dairy farmers cooperative whose core business is collecting, bulking, chilling and selling fresh, high-quality milk is keen to minimize losses incurred by its members when their milk is rejected due to quality issues and address consumer concerns about milk quality and safety.

Therefore, the Farmer-to-Farmer Program in Kenya is seeking the support of a volunteer expert to review the cooperative’s current systems, structures, and practices, identify areas of improvement and train its members, transporters, and staff on Good Manufacturing and Hygienic Practices (GMHP).

The volunteer expert will also identify hazards and steps to minimize or prevent them and develop monitoring procedures and record-

keeping tools. Ultimately, this assignment will support the cooperative's members to improve their productivity and livelihoods.

Objectives of the Assignment

  • R eview the food safety systems, practices, and procedures for the dairy cooperative
  • Identify gaps in current practices
  • Develop and deliver training on food safety best practices to build the capacity of the cooperative
  • In the U.S. :

  • Conduct desk research dairy sector in Kenya
  • Develop preliminary safety and quality training for the dairy sector
  • Hold call with F2F team and PO to discuss assignment objectives and plan
  • Develop assessment methodology and tools
  • In Kenya :

    The volunteer expert will :

  • Attend orientation with F2F staff in Kenya
  • Hold an introductory meeting with PO to finalize work plan and assignment schedule
  • Review milk handling practices at the farm level and identify areas of improvement
  • Review handling practices by transporters and identify areas of improvement
  • Review milk handling practices at the chilling plant and identify areas of improvement
  • Refine and customize training content on milk hygiene for farmers, transporters and chilling plant staff
  • Finalize training guide for cooperative
  • Conduct training on identified gaps to the following groups : ToT sT ransportersC hilling plant staff
  • Hold debriefing with board and management of the d airy cooperative
  • Hold debriefings with F2F staff and USAID
  • Draft and submit a final trip report for assignment with recommendations
  • End of Assignment Report and Other Deliverables Required

  • Training guide on food safety processes and procedures
  • PowerPoint Presentation to debrief the dairy cooperative board and management
  • Field trip report
  • Debriefing with USAID and in-country group presentations after assignment
  • Outreach activity, a press release and a media event back in the US
  • F2F Programmatic Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safer Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) Requirements :

    Type 3 (the assignment will probably not have any pesticide issues)

    The volunteer shall review the F2F Environmental Brochure and be aware of F2F’s legal requirements regarding the provision of assistance for the procurement or use of pesticides.

    The volunteer shall not recommend or provide advice on specific pesticides.

    Expertise of Volunteer Requested

    The volunteer will have the following qualifications and competencies :

  • University degree in Food Science with emphasis on dairy science or equivalent
  • More than 10 years of practical experience working in food safety
  • Practical experience in Good Manufacturing and Hygienic Practices, and specifically in the dairy industry, with knowledge in identifying hazards and steps to minimize or prevent them and developing monitoring procedures and record-keeping tools
  • Practical experience in Good Manufacturing and Hygienic Practices, and specifically in the dairy industry, with knowledge in identifying hazards and steps to minimize or prevent them and developing monitoring procedures and record-keeping tools
  • Capacity and previous experience in performing gap assessment of dairy food facilities aimed at providing recommendations for improvement
  • Training Skills, including training in group settings
  • Good writing and computer skills
  • Volunteer Outreach

    USAID and IESC encourage all F2F volunteers to participate in public outreach. An important objective of the program is to increase awareness of Americans’ good work in developing countries.

    Volunteers should select at least one outreach activity from the list below, to be completed within two months of return to the US :

  • Write an entry for the IESC blog
  • Post a photo, video, or text related to the F2F assignment on a personal website, blog, Facebook page, Twitter, or other social media site.
  • And send a link to IESC staff

  • Send a press release to a local newspaper(s) in the volunteer’s hometown. (IESC can provide a template)
  • Write something for alumni or professional association newsletter, or other publication. (IESC can help as needed)
  • Give a presentation about the F2F assignment to colleagues, students, church group, rotary club, etc
  • Send an email about F2F to friends, family, or colleagues.
  • Other
  • Description of the Program

    The International Executive Service Corps (IESC) serves as the lead implementer for the Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) Access to Finance Program (2018-

    2023) to address deficits in the financial ecosystem hindering investment and growth in agriculture for individual farmers, as well as micro, small, and medium sized enterprises through delivery of volunteer technical assistance.

    IESC has designed a thematic F2F program to generate sustainable, broad-based economic growth and create jobs in the agricultural sector with a special focus on assistance to women and youth.

    IESC is joined by Grameen Foundation, with outstanding experience in digital finance and technology for the agricultural sector, to provide voluntary technical assistance and address the gaps in the financial ecosystem.

    Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development, F2F initiatives generate rapid, sustained, and broad-based economic growth in the agricultural sector.

    These programs also promote international goodwill, understanding of U.S. foreign assistance programs, and private involvement in development activities.

    Through the F2F Program, USAID facilitates the delivery of a broad range of U.S. agricultural expertise using U.S. volunteers who work with farmers, agricultural support systems and associations, and agribusinesses, in developing countries.

    The work of volunteers helps improve the quality of the agricultural sector workforce through training and advisory services provided to a wide range of agriculture sector actors.

    Volunteer assignments are designed to improve farm and agribusiness operations and agricultural systems.

    Focusing on Kenya, Tanzania, and Sri Lanka, the F2F Access to Finance Program will work with local partner organizations and volunteer hosts to field pro bono experts from the U.

    S. agriculture, corporate, and banking sectors to address systemic capacity constraints for farmers and lenders in each targeted country and unlock finance for improved agricultural production leading to utilization of agricultural technologies and increased sales and incomes.

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