Chicken Biosecurity Training
Problem Statement :
The Kenyan poultry industry is characterized by dualism, comprising both smallholder and largescale poultry producers, with the former forming the majority in terms of population of birds.
The industry is characterized by two main production systems namely ( i ) the commercial hybrid poultry production system, and (ii) the indigenous poultry production system.
The commercial hybrid production system relies on imported exotic parent and grandparent stock and is exclusively market-
oriented. From the standpoint of biosecurity, farms in this production system fall under sector 1-3 classification used by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The commercial hybrid production system is further divided into layer and broiler subsystems. The commercial production system is concentrated in major towns including Nairobi, Nakuru, Mombasa, Kisumu, and their environs.
The indigenous poultry production is the dominant poultry production system in Kenya. It is mainly concentrated in rural areas and involves 75% of rural households.
Approximately 71% of eggs and poultry meat in Kenya are derived from indigenous poultry (Republic of Kenya 2008a). The indigenous poultry system is characterized by unconfined birds that scavenge around the homestead and often interact with wild bird species in the process.
Indigenous chickens, which constitute about 80% of the poultry population, are kept by most rural households and contribute to food security, income, and social-
cultural roles. These dual-purpose birds are raised under free-range management systems with minimum production inputs. The average productivity for the national flock is estimated at 60 eggs per hen per year.
Opportunities for indigenous poultry production include increased demand for white meat and emerging niche urban markets for quality organic poultry products.
The main challenges facing the indigenous poultry sub-sector include low genetic potential, low productivity, poor feeding with little supplementation, diseases, poor management and lack of organized market.
At the institutional level, the sub-sector is constrained by inadequate provision of extension, research, and development.
These challenges are compounded by new concerns of biosecurity and exposure of birds to polluted environments that could lead to the build-
up of harmful residues. Biosecurity is critical to the future of the poultry industry. While there are vaccines and antibiotics to assist, it will be necessary to prevent and eliminate disease agents if the poultry industry is to prosper in Kenya.
Biosecurity will determine the success or failure of the industry in the country.
Therefore, the Farmer-to-Farmer Access to Finance Program is recruiting a volunteer expert to supportrural Savings and Credit Cooperative (SACCO) to train its members who are involved in the poultry value chain on chicken biosecurity.
The volunteer will equip them with the knowledge and skills that smallholder farmers require to prevent the introduction of parasites and disease-
causing agents to poultry, prevent the spread of parasites and diseases from an infected area to an uninfected area, and hence reduce the incidence and spread of the same.
This will help the farmers reduce chicken losses due to pests and diseases, which will, ultimately, result in increased incomes, enhanced ability to access and repay credit facilities and improved livelihoods.
Objectives of the Assignment
The overall goal is to assist farmers to obtain financing for and increase income from poultry farming by reducing losses caused by pests and diseases, additionally :
To sensitize and train farmers on biosecurity for the poultry value chain
To build the capacity of select members of a rural SACCO through training of trainers (ToT) approach with skills in chicken biosecurity to continue providing training and support to the community
To recommend biosecurity best practices to increase productivity
In the U.S. :
Conduct a virtual meeting with F2F staff and the SACCO to discuss assignment work plan and objectives.
Conduct desktop research on chicken pests and diseases prevalent in Kenya and prepare training materials.
Submit a draft of training materials to F2F staff and SACCO
In Kenya :
Attend an orientation meeting with F2F team
Hold kickoff meeting with F2F team and the SACCO to finalize work plan and expected outcomes
Hold debriefing meeting with the SACCO and other stakeholders in the chicken value chain from Meru County
Visit selected farmers and evaluate their knowledge and skill gaps in chicken biosecurity
Finalize training and associated materials with SACCO staff and ToT participants
Train smallholder farmers and SACCO ToT participants on chicken biosecurity. Training topics will likely include :
Common chicken diseases and their predisposing factors
Common chicken parasites and their predisposing factors
Prevention and management of common chicken parasites and diseases
General best practices on chicken production and management
Support the SACCO ToT participants to develop and roll out a community-led biosecurity campaign plan based on the training delivered
Hold a debriefing meeting with the F2F team
Hold debriefing meeting with USAID
Draft and submit a trip report for the assignment
End of Assignment Report and Other Deliverables :
Training and reference materials for chicken biosecurity promotion and adoption
Outline for biosecurity campaign
Field trip report
Outreach activities such as a press release and a media event back in US
F2F Programmatic Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safer Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) Requirements :
The assignment will not provide any assistance for the use or procurement of pesticides, the volunteer will likely be in the field and may have the opportunity to obtain feedback on the use of pesticides through he will not provide any information or good or bad use.
The volunteer is not expected to recommend or provide advice on specific pesticide active ingredients or products. For this assignment, the volunteer must do the following for a Type 3 assignment :
Review the F2F Environmental Brochure and the F2F Programmatic Pesticide Evaluation Report-Safe Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) and shall comply with requirements described in Section 4 of the SUAP when providing assistance for the procurement or use of pesticides.
The volunteer is not expected to provide recommendations for the specific pesticide active ingredients or products, but rather to provide advice, if necessary, on the safe use of pesticides, and to discourage poor practices in pesticide use, transport, mixing, storage, application, and disposal.
Expertise of Volunteer Required
The volunteer will have the following qualifications and competencies :
At least 10 years of professional experience in agriculture, agricultural science, and / or farm management
University degree or higher in agriculture or, other relevant fields; advanced degree preferred
Practical experience working on the poultry value chain
Working knowledge of chicken biosecurity best practices
Knowledge of and experience with agricultural in sub-Saharan Africa preferred
Strong leadership and communication skills and the capacity to plan strategically and flexibly
Experience delivering group training
Sufficiently physically fit, with appropriate medical clearance
Experience working in Kenya and / or the region is preferred
Writing Skills : reporting requires good computer skills including, but not limited to, working and generating reports with MS Word.
Experience with PowerPoint presentations is desirable
This is a United States government-funded program. Therefore, for the purpose of achieving desired results in accordance with the work plan and submitting requisite reports, written and spoken fluency in English is required.
The ability to work through translators in the field, however, is essential. This requires deliberation and sensitivity to cultural issues in communication
Experience with training and mentoring subsistence farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa preferred
Good writing and analytical skills, interpersonal communication and presentation skills (adult education skills), ability and desire to teach in both classroom and field settings
USAID and IESC encourage all F2F volunteers to participate in public outreach. An important objective of the program is to increase awareness of Americans’ good work in developing countries.
Volunteers should select at least one outreach activity from the list below, to be completed within two months of return to the US :
Write an entry for the IESC blog
Post a photo, video, or text related to the F2F assignment on a personal website, blog, Facebook page, Twitter, or other social media sites.
And send a link to IESC staff
Send a press release to a local newspaper(s) in the volunteer’s hometown. (IESC can provide a template).
Write something for alumni or professional association newsletter, or other publication. (IESC can help as needed)
Give a presentation about the F2F assignment to colleagues, students, church group, rotary club, etc
Send an email about F2F to friends, family, or colleagues
Description of the Program
The International Executive Service Corps (IESC) serves as the lead implementer for the Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) Access to Finance Program (2018-
2023) to address deficits in the financial ecosystem hindering investment and growth in agriculture for individual farmers, as well as micro, small, and medium-
sized enterprises through the delivery of volunteer technical assistance. IESC has designed a thematic F2F program to generate sustainable, broad-
based economic growth and create jobs in the agricultural sector with a special focus on assistance to women and youth. IESC is joined by Grameen Foundation, with outstanding experience in digital finance and technology for the agricultural sector, to provide voluntary technical assistance and address the gaps in the financial ecosystem.
Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development, F2F initiatives generate rapid, sustained, and broad-based economic growth in the agricultural sector.
These programs also promote international goodwill, understanding of U.S. foreign assistance programs, and private involvement in development activities.
Through the F2F Program, USAID facilitates the delivery of a broad range of U.S. agricultural expertise using U.S. volunteers who work with farmers, agricultural support systems and associations, and agribusinesses, in developing countries.
The work of volunteers helps improve the quality of the agricultural sector workforce through training and advisory services provided to a wide range of agriculture sector actors.
Volunteer assignments are designed to improve farm and agribusiness operations and agricultural systems.
Focusing on Kenya, Tanzania, and Sri Lanka, the F2F Access to Finance Program will work with local partner organizations and volunteer hosts to field pro bono experts from the U.
S. agriculture, corporate, and banking sectors to address systemic capacity constraints for farmers and lenders in each targeted country and unlock finance for improved agricultural production leading to utilization of agricultural technologies and increased sales and incomes.